|Eighty percent of US adults suffer from some degree of gum disease, making this one of the most common diseases in America. Yet, only 60 percent know they have gum disease. Worse yet, only 3% of adults with moderate to severe levels of gum disease will accept treatment.|
Gum Disease Stages
HEALTHY GUMS & TOOTH
Calculus builds up on teeth and gums are inflamed (red).
Inflammation causes gums to separate from tooth, forming pockets. Early to moderate bone loss.
Severe bone loss, deep pockets. Tooth is in danger of falling out.
Gums disease begins when a film called plaque accumulates on the teeth and calcium from saliva hardens the plaque — this calcified plaque is called tartar or calculus. Certain types of germs that live in this plaque and calculus damage gum tissue. Your body tries to fight this infection with an inflammatory attack, sending white blood cells to the area to destroy the bacteria. This inflammation causes the tissue to bleed easily when you brush or floss. This stage of the condition is called Gingivitis.
If the infection and inflammation persist the result is a chronic inflammatory condition where, in addition to the gums, ligament and bone around the teeth are destroyed — often with no symptoms. At this stage it is called Periondontitis.